Course module no. 9: Samkara Advaita Vedanta Topic 1: Nature of Brahman


(i) Answer all five questions
(ii) All questions carry equal marks

Q.1. Describe the main characteristics of Indian Philosophy.

Q.2. Describe the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta as provided in the Upanishads

Q. 3. Write short notes on any four of the following in about 150 words each:

(i) Brahman is the only truth, the world is illusion, and there is ultimately no difference between Brahman and individual self.

(ii) Brahman is both the instrumental cause and the material cause.

(iii) Karya-karana ananyatva (the non-difference of the effect from the cause).

(iv) Whatever thing remains eternal is true, and whatever is non-eternal is untrue. Since the world is created and destroyed, it is not real(true).

(v) World is not absolutely unreal(false).

Q. 4. Answer any two of the following questions in about 200 words each.

(i) How the self (Atman) is identical with Brahman?

(ii) Explain the concept of Jivan mukti.

(iii) Describe the impact of Advaita?

Q. 5. Describe the distinct spirit of Indian philosophy.